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THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
A new stage of closer cooperation between JINR and the Republic of Serbia started on April 20, 2007 when the Agreement between the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the Ministry of Science and Environment of the Republic of Serbia was signed. At the same time, ties between JINR scientists and Yugoslavian, later Serbian scientists have existed for a very long time.
Scientific collaboration between the Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (BLTP) JINR and the “Vinča” Institute of Nuclear Science (VINS) has a long history. In 1970 – 1990, scientists from the Theoretical Department of VINS, Dr. S. Stamenković, Dr. G. Vujičić and Dr. F. Vukajlović worked in BLTP. In collaboration with BLTP scientists N.M. Plakida and V.L. Aksenov they developed a unified theory of ferroelectrics and proposed a theory of high-temperature superconductivity. The results of these studies were published in journals, such as Physical Review, J. of Physics C, Physica and others, and were discussed in the monograph: V.L. Aksenov, N.M. Plakida and S. Stamenković “Neutron Scattering in Ferroelectrics” (Singapore, World Scientific, 1989). In 1993 – 2003, a scientist from the University of Montenegro, Dr. Ž. Kovaćević worked at BLTP. He obtained important results in the theory of high-temperature superconductors with impurities. It should be pointed out that in these investigations scientists from other countries - Hungary, Poland and Germany - participated as well.
Presently, scientists from VINS Dr. S. Galović and Dr. D. Čevizović are working at BLTP within the project «Тransport properties in nanosystems». They have studied photothermal and photoacoustic effects in nanostructured solids. The results of these investigations were published in the journal “Physica Scripta” and presented at the XVI International Conference on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena (27.11 – 01.12. 2011).
The laboratory joint scientific research with the Yugoslav physicists was initiated by the visit of Slobodan Backović. Back in 1975 he began to study the processes of multi-particle production at high energies in the group headed by Prof. V.G. Grishin. S. Backović was actively involved in analyzing and processing of experimental data obtained with the 2-meter propane bubble chamber in a beam of negative pions with the energy of 40 GeV/c at the U-70 accelerator in IHEP, Protvino. This topic was very urgent at that period and many theorists and experimentalists from republics of the Soviet Union and JINR Member States were involved. The ”Propane Collaboration” has been and remains the largest in the history of Dubna. Very soon S.Backović defended his Ph.D. and returned to Montenegro where he became the Rector of the University in Podgorica, the Minister of Science and Education and the Ambassador of Montenegro to the Russian Federation. For many years, S. Backović has visited, worked productively and published papers in prestigious journals together with the Dubna colleagues.
In 1979 Ljiljana Simić from the Institute of Physics, Belgrade, arrived to the same group. The area of her interests was studying the relativistic nucleus-nucleus interactions. Many important scientific results were published and presented at the major International Conferences. It should be noted that in addition to S. Backović and Lj. Simić, many of their graduate students and colleagues (including the University of Belgrade) have visited the Laboratory of High Energy – Dragan Krpić, Denis Salihagić, Nataša Raicević, Goran Škoro, Ana Bokan, and others. When meeting them at various forums, we always fondly remember our senior colleagues and the younger years, not just the physics.
Our colleagues acknowledge that working together on the 2m propane chamber had a major impact on the development of high-energy physics in the former Yugoslavia. And although many years have passed and the old experiments have gone down in history, we are continuing to work together at the physics frontiers by participating in the ATLAS experiment at LHC, CERN (Geneva).
In 1994 the Agreement on Cooperation between the FLNR JINR, the “Vinča” Institute of Nuclear Sciences and the Institute of Physics, Belgrade, was signed, which covered 16 scientific and technological spheres, 4 out of which referred to designing, constructing and using the TESLA accelerator installation. Later the University of Belgrade (two faculties – of physics and electrical engineering) and the Lola Institute joined this Agreement.
Thus, since 1994 Dr. Krunoslav Subotić, leading researcher of the “Vinča” Institute of Nuclear Sciences, has been participating in the experiments to investigate the heaviest nuclei, which are performed using the gas-filled separator by group № 1 of FLNR JINR. He makes an important contribution to the calculation of parameters of the separator, performing of experiments, data analysis, and discussion of results. With his participation, for the first time the superheavy elements from 113 to 118 were synthesized in the fusion reactions of Ca-48 with actinide nuclei including elements 114 and 116, the discovery of which was officially recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in 2011.
In February 2010 the 1st Coordination Meeting on the Program of Collaboration of Serbia and JINR: «Condensed Matter Physics with Ion Beams» was held in Dubna, which resulted in the elaboration of 5 joint projects between the JINR scientists and those from the “Vinča” Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, in which about 50 specialists from both sides were involved. This Institute actively collaborates with FLNR. FLNR specialists visit Belgrade regularly. Also, JINR is visited by the specialists from the “Vinča” Institute.
Collaboration of the Sector of NAA and Applied Research (SNAA&AR) of the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics with Serbia started in 1998, with the University of Novi Sad. Prof. Miodrag Krmar (physicist) and Dragan Radnović (biologist) were interested in the biomonitoring programme “Atmospheric Heavy Metal Deposition Study in Europe – an assessment based on moss analysis” and joined a large consortium of the JINR Member States working in this field. They voluntary undertook moss sampling over the Northern Serbia, including one of the most polluted places in Europe, the copper mines in Bor. Moss samples were subject to NAA at the IBR-2 reactor, FLNP JINR. This was the first systematic moss survey in Serbia in 2000, followed by the second one in 2005 and the third one in 2010.
A team of physicists led by Dr. Mirjana Tasić involved in the environmental studies at the Institute of Physics of the University of Belgrade began collaboration with SNAA&AR in 2003, due to their interest in applying nuclear analytical techniques, namely, NAA in Dubna for assessing the environmental situation in Belgrade, especially after the tragic bombardment of Belgrade by the NATO military forces. Experience of SNAA&AR in active (using moss-bags) biomonitoring and multi-element NAA in Dubna of exposed moss bags from Belgrade helped colleagues in Belgrade to develop the methodology of this technique. It resulted in a series of papers well accepted by the international journals. The experimental material served as the basis firstly for Master thesis “Moss as bioindicator of air pollution in urban area by heavy metals and other elements” by Mira Aničić (under the joint supervision by Drs. Milica Tomasević (Belgrade) and Marina Frontasyeva (JINR), and finally for her PhD thesis “Active biomonitoring of trace element atmospheric deposition in urban area using moss Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow”, supervised by Prof. Aleksandar Popović (at that time the Minister of Environment and Spatial Planning of Serbia) and the above mentioned scientists.
Extension of contacts with the Serbian scientists in radioecology at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Belgrade (Prof. Dragana Popović and others) led to an interesting multidisciplinary study in Kosovo affected by the depleted uranium in 2000. A combination of radiometry of natural and man-made radionulides carried out in Belgrade and multi-element NAA of various environmental samples (cow’s milk, vegetation, soil and moss) in Dubna allowed obtaining a complex set of data with high impact factors accepted for publication in the international journals.
In 2009 under the initiative of the Serbian team (Mirjana Tasić, Milica Tomasević, Slavica Rajšić, Mira Aničić) an international project “Revitalization of urban ecosystems through vascular plants: assessment of technogenic pollution impact” by Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Turkey was successfully launched in the framework of the Black-Sea Economic Council Programme. In 2011 the same consortium together with a few more countries (Croatia, Macedonia, Germany and Norway) applied for the EU COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) programme with a network project in the same field of investigation.
In 2010 SNAA&AR and the team from the Institute of Belgrade began to implement a project “Atmospheric deposition study in street canyons of Belgrade and Moscow” financed from the Serbian contribution to JINR. Moss bags with clean moss from the Domkino Bay of the Moscow Sea was exposed for two months at the level of 1, 3, and 6 floor of many-storied buildings in the districts of Moscow and Belgrade with intense vehicle traffic. NAA of these samples was performed during the December 2011 cycle of the modernized reactor IBR-2.
Since 2011, SNAA&AR has been participating in the subproject “An integral research on the air quality in urban areas” of the National Project of Serbia: “Investigation of climate change and its influences on environment – monitoring influences, adaptation, and offsets” (2011-2014).
Dubna team is included in the consortium for application to the EU (FP7 2012-2013-1) funded Regpot project “Reinforcing a center for atomic and molecular physics in nonequilibrium systems and their application in plasma medicine, micro discharges, nanotechnology, antimatter studies and environmental science" proposed by the Center for Nonequilibrium processes of the Institute of Physics University of Belgrade, Serbia (coordinator of the project – Prof. Zoran Petrović).
In 2011 a researcher from the University of Novi Sad Nikola Jovančevič started to master the original method to investigate super-fluid properties of nuclei of different types (form, parity of nucleon number, excitation energy) developed at the Sector of neutron-nuclear interactions’ investigations of the Nuclear Physics Department of FLNP. At present, only measurement of the intensity of two-quantum gamma-cascades of capture of thermal and resonance neutrons with the following extraction of level density and radiative strength functions of dipole transitions gives the most favourable conditions to investigate this process. Within the framework of collaboration with Serbia the experiments at the IREN neutron beam and the total analysis of obtained data are planned.
The cooperation between the Department of Neutron Investigations of Condensed Matter (DNICM) FLNP JINR and the University of Novi Sad (Yugoslavia) was started in 2000 and validated by Protocol № 3312-4-00/03 on joint research activities signed by the JINR Director at that time V.G.Kadyshevsky and by the Rector of University of Novi Sad Svetolik Abramov. The joint scientific activities provided structure and texture investigations of crystalline and polycrystalline materials in a wide range of temperatures and pressures, as well as the determination of isotopic composition of materials by means of nuclear spectroscopy. The persons responsible were Prof. Anatoly Nikitin (FLNP JINR) and Dr. Miodrag Krmar (Yugoslavia).
The joint collaboration includes friendly visits of Serbian colleagues and JINR scientists, and in this context the FLNP researchers Prof. Anatoly Nikitin and Dr. Tatiana Ivankina visited Serbia in September, 2008. The purpose was to make perspective plans for expansion of cooperation between the FLNP JINR and scientific organizations of Serbia.
In 2001 a delegation headed by Prof. Dragan Domazet, the minister of science, technology and development of Serbia visited Dubna. 6 years later, in April 2007 the Agreement between the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the Ministry of Science and Environment of Serbia was signed. Item 4 of the Agreement provided for consideration of a possibility for the Republic of Serbia to join JINR. In order to consider and solve issues related to the implementation of this Agreement, as well as to achieve its aims efficiently the sides declared the establishment of a coordination committee. Unfortunately, in the course of 2008 this committee was not formed, correspondingly, no progress was in the development of relations between Serbia and JINR. At the beginning of 2009 the JINR Directorate reminded the Serbian side about the signed Agreement by sending the appropriate letter to Prof. Jelica Kurjak, who is now Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Serbia to the Russian Federation. In May 2009 a JINR delegation headed by Acad. A.N.Sissakian visited Belgrade. The delegation was received by Mr. B. Đelić, the minister of scientific and technical development of Serbia.
In January 2010 two Serbian specialists took part in the Meetings of the JINR Programme Advisory Committees.
In March 2010 Prof. M. Nedeljković, State Secretary of the Ministry of Science and Technological Development, took part in the Session of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the JINR Member States. As a result of the talks, the Protocol on the next stage of the cooperation was signed, in which the date of the 1st session of the Joint Coordination Committee on Serbia-JINR cooperation was fixed and its members were specified.
The Joint Coordination Committee (JCC) was established to solve current issues concerning the Serbian-JINR cooperation and includes three permanent representatives from each side and experts appointed due to specific tasks of the next committee.
At present, the Joint Coordination Committee includes:
From the Republic of Serbia
A Meeting of the 1st Coordination Committee on cooperation between JINR and Serbia was held at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research on 23 June 2010.
A Meeting of the 2nd Coordination Committee on cooperation between JINR and Serbia was held in Belgrade in March 2011.
Thus, fruitful scientific cooperation of Serbian physicists with JINR scientists continues to grow and mature. Due to this cooperation, new opportunities to develop direct contacts with the largest accelerating centers of the world open to scientists from the Republic of Serbia.
Executive of the contacts with the Republic of Serbia – Dr. Kamanin Dmitry Vladimirovich, Deputy Chief Scientific Secretary of JINR.
Phone: +7(49621) 65-839; 63-416 (secretary)
JINR-Serbia Cooperation Coordinator – Pryanichnikova Elena Viacheslavovna, officer of the International Cooperation Department.
Phone: +7(49621) 63-106
Serbian scientists take part in the research work on the following themes of the Topical plan for JINR research and international cooperation for the year 2015:
At present, JINR actively cooperates with the following organizations of the Republic of Serbia:
The Representative of the government of the Republic of Serbia to JINR from 2011 to the present day is Professor Radivoje Mitrović, State Secretary of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia.
Radivoje Mitrović was born on 11 March 1957. In 1988 he became Master of Science in “Machine Design” at the University of Belgrade; in 1992 he defended PhD at the University of Belgrade.
He is the participant of many scientific conferences in the field of Rolling Bearings, Tribology, Machine Design, Construction Integrity, Technical regulations and standards, etc. He is the author and co-author of many papers published in conference proceedings and journals and the laureate of many prizes.
Main Scientific Achievements
As a Professor and as a Chief of Machine Design Department, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, R.Mitrović upgraded the existing center and established a new laboratory LIMES (Laboratory for testing of machine elements and systems). The laboratory is accredited by the EU standards for Rolling bearing testing and control, such as Dimension, Vibration, Radial clearing, Hardness, Residual magnetism, etc. A special part of the new laboratory is the dynamic materials testing with a new state-of-the-art servo-hydraulic dynamic testing machine Zwick HB 250. In the laboratory not only specimens but real machine parts and elements with the dimensions up to 1600 mm can be tested.
The Representatives of the Serbian Government to the JINR Committee of Plenipotentiaries since 2010:
Embassy of the Republic of Serbia in the Russian Federation